The Book 4th Edition
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2. Respected scientists who investigated
“I am absolutely convinced of the fact
that those who once lived on earth can and do communicate
with us. It is hardly possible to convey to the inexperienced
an adequate idea of the strength and cumulative force of
Sir William Barrett F.R.S.
“I tell you we do persist. Communication
is possible. I have proved that the people who communicate
are who and what they say they are. The conclusion is that
survival is scientifically proved by scientific investigation.”
Sir Oliver Lodge F.R.S.
“It is quite true that a connection
has been set up between this world and the next.”
Sir William Crookes F.R.S.
“I have been talking with my (dead)
father, my brother, my uncles... Whatever supernormal powers
we may be pleased to attribute to (the medium) Mrs. Piper's
secondary personalities, it would be difficult to make me
believe that these secondary personalities could have thus
completely reconstituted the mental personality of my dead
Professor Hyslop Professor of Logic at Columbia University.
The brilliant scientists mentioned above were among the
very first to scientifically investigate the afterlife.
Initially they were all open-minded skeptics and it was
only after thorough investigation that they accepted the
afterlife. There were other world renowned classical scientists
and thinkers around the world such as Sir Arthur Conan Doyle,
Sir Oliver Lodge, Arthur Findlay, Camille Flammarion, Dr
Baraduc, Professor Richet, Alfred Russel Wallace, Professor
Robert Hare, Professor Albert Einstein, Marconi, F.W. Myers,
Professor William James and Dr Carrington who, after investigation,
accepted the afterlife.
From the late nineteenth century until
today there have been groups of prominent, well-respected
scientists—many of them the best-known names in science—who
have worked to prove that immortality is a natural physical
phenomenon and its study is a branch of physics.
Many of these scientists were highly practical
people whose major discoveries in other areas fundamentally
changed the way people work and live. Many considered themselves
to be Rationalists and Humanists and have had to face intense
opposition from both traditional Christian clergy and from
materialist scientists who joined together to try to suppress
One of the pioneers in this tradition was
Emmanuel Swedenborg who was born in Sweden in 1688. One
of the leading scientists of his day, he wrote 150 works
in seventeen sciences. At the University of Uppsala he studied
Greek, Latin, several European and oriental languages, geology,
metallurgy, astronomy, mathematics, economics. He was an
intensely practical man who invented the glider, the submarine
and an ear trumpet for the deaf. He was held in high esteem
by all, was a member of parliament and held important government
posts in mining. He always showed he had enormously high
intelligence and maintained a keen practical mind until
Swedenborg was also a very highly gifted
clairvoyant who spent more than twenty years investigating
other dimensions. He claimed that he regularly spoke with
people after they had died.
On one well-documented occasion the Queen of Sweden sarcastically
suggested that if he ever met her dead brother to give him
her regards. A week later Swedenborg whispered a message
in the Queen's ear. Shaken, the Queen told those around
her “Only God and my brother can know what he just
told me” (Inglis 1977:131).
After the spirit has been separated from
the body (which happens when a person dies), he is still
alive, a person, the way he was before.
To assure me of this, I have been allowed
to talk with practically everyone I have ever known during
this physical life—with some for hours, with some
for weeks or months, with some for years—all for
the overriding purpose that I might be assured of this
fact, (that life continues after death) and might bear
witness to it (Swedenborg Heaven and Hell: 437).
Swedenborg wrote volumes about what today
would be called his out of body experiences, including very
detailed descriptions of the afterlife. Interestingly he
put forward a view of the universe which is remarkably similar
to twentieth century quantum physics. At a time when Newton
was arguing that matter was composed of impenetrable atoms
given motion by outside forces, Swedenborg taught that matter
was made up of a series of particles in ascending order
of size, each of which was composed of a closed vortex of
energy which spiraled at infinite speeds to give the appearance
In his 490 page History of the Paranormal
Brian Inglis (1977) makes reference to Emmanuel Kant, the
great rationalist philosopher, who investigated Swedenborg.
Although Kant was an open-minded skeptic he felt that the
evidence for the afterlife provided by Swedenborg was, as
a whole, overwhelming.
He quotes Kant as saying: “…while
I doubt any of them, still I have certain faith in the whole
of them taken together” ( Inglis 1977:132).
The greatest scientist
of his time
In England one of the founders of the Society
for Psychical Research (SPR) was Sir William Crookes, a
fellow of the Royal Society—a very prestigious association
of the most learned scientists elected by their peers—and
later its president. He discovered six chemical elements
including Thallium. Many people considered him to be the
greatest scientist of his time.
Crookes worked extensively investigating
levitation and physical mediumship phenomena which was associated
with the medium D.D. Home. Conclusive photographs were taken
as part of his experiments and the total absence of fraud
and trickery were verified by a number of other leading
scientists of the day.
In his group were scientists Lord Balfour, Sir William Barrett,
Sir Oliver Lodge (pictured left) and Lord Rayleigh, J. J.
Thompson?the discoverer of the electron?and Alfred Russell
Wallace who propounded the theory of evolution at the same
time as and independently of Charles Darwin. Wallace painstakingly
investigated Spiritualism over a number of years, eventually
stating that its phenomena were proved quite as well as
the facts of any other science.
For over a hundred years some of the most
brilliant minds in the United States and the United Kingdom
worked quietly to accumulate evidence of survival of the
In the first century of the existence of
the Society for Psychical Research founded in 1882 there
were nineteen professors and other famous scientists renowned
for their work in psychology, physics, astronomy, biology
among the fifty-one Presidents.
The American Society for Psychical Research
was founded in 1885 by a group of top intellectuals including
William James, renowned Harvard psychologist and Professor
of Philosophy (pictured) and James H. Hyslop, formerly Professor
of Logic and Ethics at Columbia University. It too attracted
men of top intellectual caliber who, after years of investigations,
became convinced of survival after death.
Thomas Alva Edison (pictured left), the
American inventor of the phonograph and the first electric
light bulb, was fascinated with the possibility of an afterlife
and experimented with mechanical means of contacting the
'dead' (Scientific American, 30/10/1920).
John Logie Baird, television pioneer and
inventor of the infra-red camera, stated that he had contacted
the 'deceased' Thomas A. Edison through a medium. He said:
I have witnessed some very startling phenomena
under circumstances which make trickery out of the question
(Logie Baird 1988: 68-69).
In Europe from the early 1900s through
the 1920s other scientists including Baron von Schrenck-Notzing,
Professor Charles Richet, Professor Eugene Osty and and
Professor Gustav Geley were studying mediums and photographing
appearances of people who claimed to be dead under controlled
laboratory conditions. Their written reports supported by
the testimony of many skeptical scientists who acted as
witnesses, showed that they had investigated and ruled out
all possible sources of trickery and fraud.
One hundred well known scientists, all
profoundly skeptical, and some openly hostile, declared
themselves, without exception, completely convinced after
having worked under the direction of Dr. Schrenck-Notzing
with his medium Willy Schneider (Geley 1927).
Internationally known and powerfully influential
psychiatrist Dr Carl Jung admitted that metapsychic phenomena
could be better explained by the spirit hypothesis than
by any other (Jung, Collected Letters 1: 431).
Another brilliant scientist and inventor
who, after investigating, became totally convinced of the
existence of the afterlife was American George Meek. When
he was 60 years old George (pictured left) retired from
his career as an inventor, designer and manufacturer of
devices for air conditioning and for the treatment of waste
water. He held scores of industrial patents which enabled
him to live comfortably and devote the next twenty five
years of his life to self-funded full-time research into
life after death.
Meek says that he was a “natural
skeptic” and felt that what he been told about the
afterlife just didn’t “make sense”. So
he began his own extensive library and literature research
program and traveled all over the world to locate and establish
research projects with the top medical doctors, psychiatrists,
physicists, biochemists, psychics, healers, parapsychologists,
hypnotherapists, ministers, priests and rabbis.
He established the Metascience Foundation
in Franklin, North Carolina, which sponsored the famous
Spiricom research. This demonstrated extended (more than
twenty hours) of two-way instrumental contact between people
alive and people living in the afterlife (see Chap. 5)
His last book, After We Die What Then (1987),
outlines the conclusions of his years of full-time research—that
we do all survive and that in the last twenty-five years
mankind has learned more about what happens when we die
than was learned in all earlier periods of recorded history
Some of the leaders in the scientific research
of life after death are extremely intelligent and astute
medical doctors who began their investigation as skeptics
Dr Glen Hamilton (pictured left) was a
highly respected physician and member of the Canadian Parliament.
In his laboratory under strictly controlled conditions he
had a battery of fourteen electronically controlled flash
cameras which photographed apparitions simultaneously from
all angles. Observers present at his experiments included
four other medical doctors, two lawyers, and both an electrical
and a civil engineer. Each of the witnesses stated strongly
and unequivocally that:
“time after time, I saw dead persons
materialize” (Hamilton 1942).
Dr Kübler-Ross, who has had global
impact on the way that dying people are treated, became
totally convinced of life after death through her close
association with thousands of dying patients. She writes:
Up until then I had absolutely no belief
in an afterlife, but the data convinced me that these were
not coincidences or hallucinations (Kübler-Ross 1997:
She became so convinced that she wrote four books specifically
dealing with the afterlife: On Life After Death (1991),
The Facts on Life After Death (1992), Death is of Vital
Importance: On Life, Death and Life After Death (1995),
The Wheel of Life (1997).
Dr Melvin Morse (a pediatrician and a recognized
world leading authority on dying children) was, as he put
it, 'an arrogant critical-care physician' with 'an emotional
bias against anything spiritual' before his scientifically
based studies of dying children and his extensive study
of the literature led him to the inescapable conclusion
that ‘there is a divine something which serves as
a glue for the universe’. He writes:
When I review the medical literature, I
think it points directly to evidence that some aspect of
human consciousness survives death. Other researchers agree
with me. Physician Michael Schroter-Kunhardt, for instance,
conducted a comprehensive review of the scientific literature
and concluded that the paranormal capacities of the dying
person suggest the existence of a time-and-space transcending
immortal soul. Other researchers have reached the same conclusion.
Be it through case studies of their own or research they
have reviewed, there is in the scientific community a growing
belief in the human spirit (Morse 1994:190).
Scottish professor, Archie Roy, is a Professor
Emeritus of Astronomy in the University of Glasgow, a Fellow
of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, The Royal Astronomical
Society and the British Interplanetary Society. He has published
20 books, six of them novels, some 70 scientific papers
and scores of articles and directed Advanced Scientific
Institutes for NATO.
For the best part of thirty years he has
also been passionately interested in psychical research
and helped to found PRISM (Psychical Research Involving
Selected Mediums) which encourages, guides and funds research
work with mediums. He has worked with Tricia Robertson,
vice-president of the Scottish SPR, on research work which
validated mediumship. Together they have published three
papers on mediumship with the Society for Psychical Research.
In addition to such experimental work Prof.
Roy has, over the past thirty years, investigated innumerable
spontaneous cases of allegedly haunted places and haunted
people. His 300 page book Archives of the Mind presents
over twenty of the best authenticated cases from over a
century of research and rejects the possibility of fraud
Professor Gary Schwartz
In 1993 Professor Gary Schwartz, then Professor
of Psychology, Medicine Neurology Psychiatry and Surgery
at the University of Arizona, USA, and Director of its Human
Energy Systems Laboratory, began his own personal search
for evidence of the afterlife. With impeccable academic
credentials and more than 400 scientific papers to his credit,
he was initially highly skeptical and kept his investigations
However in 1995 Professor Schwartz met
renowned medium, Suzie Smith. She had been vitally interested
in ESP, parapsychology and psychic research since the 1950's
and had written more than 30 popular books about her investigations.
In 1971 she had set up the Survival Research Foundation
to collect scientific evidence for the survival of consciousness
beyond physical death.
Professor Schwartz became so impressed with the evidence
that he decided to apply for formal consent from the University
of Arizona to conduct research into the survival of consciousness,
as a topic of importance to humanity.
Since that time Professor Schwartz has conducted a number
of double blind research studies with some of the top mediums
in the United States.
Dr Joseph B. and Dr Louisa Rhine
These mediums have been tested under experimental
conditions that rule out the use of fraud and cold reading
techniques commonly used by psychic entertainers and mental
magicians. (Schwartz 2002, and website http://veritas.arizona.edu/
While evidence of the existence
of psi (a neutral term for all extra sensory perception
and psychokinetic phenomena like telepathy, clairvoyance
and precognition) is not strictly evidence for the afterlife,
in practice the two are intertwined since many of those
who experience clairvoyance and precognition also claim
communication from the afterlife.
The two are linked together in popular
culture and “psychics” is a term used to describe
both those with “a sixth sense” as well as those
who experience direct communication with the deceased who
prefer to be called mediums. Materialist science has not
been both able to account for either psi or the afterlife.
Extensive experiments into psi have been
carried out at the Rhine Research Centre, started by Dr
J.B. Rhine and his wife Dr Louisa Rhine who coined the term
In their book Extra-Sensory Perception After Sixty Years
(Rhine et al.) they claim that by 1940, 33 experiments had
been done involving almost a million trials, with protocols
which rigorously excluded possible sensory clues e.g. by
introducing distance and/or barriers between sender and
receiver, or by employing precognition protocols where the
target has not yet been selected at the time subjects make
their responses. Twenty seven (27) of the 33 studies produced
statistically significant results.
These studies were replicated in 33 independent replication
experiments different laboratories in the five years following
Rhine’s first publication of his results. Twenty of
these or 61% were statistically significant where 5% would
be expected by chance alone.
The predictable skeptical response “they
cheated” or “the experimenters were sloppy”
or “they employed people who cheated” just doesn’t
stand up in the face of the numbers. Honorton and Ferrari
conducted a meta-analysis of the precognition experiments
conducted between the years 1935 - 1987. This included 309
studies, conducted by 62 experimenters. The cumulative probability
associated with the overall results was p = 10-24 (that
is equivalent to .000000000000000000000001 where .05 is
considered statistically significant).
In 1997 Dr Dean Radin, director of the
Consciousness Research Laboratory at the University of Nevada,
published a ground breaking book The Conscious Universe--the
Scientific Truth of Psychic Phenomena. In it he analyzes
the overwhelming scientific evidence for telepathy, clairvoyance.
Typical of the staggering experimental
results was a meta-analysis of all psi experiments conducted
at Stanford Research Institute from 1973 to 1988 conducted
by Edwin May and his colleagues. The analysis was based
on 154 experiments with more than 26,000 separate trials
conducted over 16 years. The statistical results of this
analysis indicated odds against chance of more than a billion
billion to one (Radin 1997:101)
Radin notes that as
yet few scientists and science journalists “are aware
of this dramatic shift in informed opinion.”
Professor David Fontana
In 2005 Professor David Fontana, Professor
of Transpersonal Psychology at Liverpool John Moores University,
published a scholarly 500 page book called Is There
An Afterlife which reviews some of the evidence for
the afterlife accumulated during more than one hundred and
fifty years of systematic research. In the Introduction
to the book Professor Archie Roy points out that as yet
most mainstream scientists are simply unaware of
the evidence for the afterlife. They have never
done psychic research and have never read the evidence;
but they are often hostile to it because they think it challenges
their scientific world view.
done their homework
Without exception I have found that the
materialist closed-minded skeptics who oppose the existence
of psychic phenomena and the afterlife are still grounded
in outdated scientific paradigms and just have not done
their homework. They simply have not read, as I have, volume
after volume of first hand accounts by the greatest minds
of science who were all initially highly skeptical and had
no belief in the afterlife before they started their own
Earlier this year I published on the Internet
replies to comments by the late Professor Carl Sagan and
to Professor Richard Dawkins- both internationally recognized
for their contribution to orthodox science.
Professor Carl Sagan wrote in Chapter 12 of his book The
Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark
If some good evidence for life after
death were announced, I’d be eager to examine it
He was apparently not familiar with any
part of the evidence mentioned in this chapter. He showed
he was just happy to read and research information which
was consistent with his own negative partiality.
My response: “A lawyer responds to Prof. Carl Sagan--a
Scientist/Astronomer--about the afterlife and the paranormal”
is available at
In his article, “What’s wrong
with the paranormal” Professor Richard Dawkins, went
out of his way to attack psi scientists, empiricists, researchers
and gifted mediums. He imputed dishonesty and fraud, the
only refuge of the skeptic. Whilst Dr Richard Dawkins may
be a good theoretical scientist close content analysis of
his criticisms of the paranormal and the afterlife shows
he does not understand what ‘admissible evidence’
is. My response “A Lawyer rebuts Prof. Richard Dawkins,
scientist, re. the paranormal” is available at
I sent my research to leading scholars, theologians, scientists,
materialist closed-minded skeptics in the United States,
the United Kingdom and Australia. It has been placed on
the Internet for world consumption. I have invited rebuttals.
A few people stated they would be in touch again?but to-day,
years later, no one has contacted me again. Not one person
has shown that the evidence presented in this work can be
rebutted or negated in any way.
A most comprehensive overview of the work
of researchers into life after death is contained in the
The American Society for Psychical Research
The British Society for Psychical Research
To get some idea of the number of eminent
professionals involved in these investigations see Gustav
Geley’s article “Experimental Demonstrations
by Dr. von Schrenck Notzing” where he gives the names
and positions of 100 prominent scientists who witnessed
materialization experiments conduced by Dr. von Schrenck
Notzing with medium Willy Schneider.
For updates on Dean Radin’s work
see his blog "Entangled Minds"
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